Posts Tagged ‘ 2012 ’

Comet C/2012 S1

The cometdesignated as C/2012 S1is a careening ball of rocky ice miles wide plummeting towards an already angry sun. No technology on Earth can stop it and the havoc it can bring to the solar system may strech the limits of Mankind’s imagination. Although passing far from Earth, it promises to be the most spectacular comet in human history. Astronomers are bubbling about it being 15 times brighter than the Moon. The dazzling visitor to the solar system will be so bright it will be easily seen above the skies of Manhattan at night and visible to the naked eye in daylight. But the comet’s electrical properties may be even more spectacular, especially when it approaches our temperamental sun

 

 

Is Doomsday arriving 12 months late?

Much has been written about the Mayan prophecies, their calendar, and the ending of cycles. Most is speculation. The Mayans themselves are split on whether the so-called “prophesy” has any meaning at all. The consensus of opinion is the day the calendar ends, on December 21, 2012, will be a non-event. Even the date is in contention as the Western calendar has been changed and modified over the centuries, the most famous example the switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar hundreds of years in the past.

 

Although most researchers believe the date is accurate, some say the Mayan date has already passed, others that it actually occurs sometime next year. A few claim that the Mayan “end of days” calculation is all wrong and the actual date falls a year later during December 2013.

Curiously, December 2013 is the month when C/2012 S1 crosses the orbit of Earth and the electrical interaction with the sun will be peaking.

Is Doomsday actually arriving 12 months later than many researchers predicted?

 

Comet-c2012-s1-ISON trajectory map

Myths and facts about comets

Comets have galvanized Mankind for thousands of years. Civilizations have risen and fallen with their appearance. The ancients feared comets and most cultures believed them to be celestial omens of death, war, and destruction.

Human sacrificies were made to comets. Of all the events that occur in the heavens, only total solar eclipses may have gripped the hearts of people with more fear.

As science emerged the Aristotlean believe that comets were merely disturbances in the atmosphere gave way to Isaac Newton’s theory that comets were actually travelers in the arid environs of space. That idea was proved correct by Edmond Halley. The proof lay in a comet that returned to the solar system according to calculations predicting its return. Later, the comet was named after Halley in his honor.

Halley’s comet gave proof that many comets were periodic, they orbited the sun like the planets do, and would return to the inner solar system on a regular, predictable basis.

 

Mark Twain was born, and died, under Halley’s Comet

Despite the science behind comets, the glowing specters with the ghostly tails still make many people nervous. Comets, ghostly harbingers of doom and change, appear in literature throughout the ages. Even famous American author and humorist Mark Twain wrote and spoke about these fascinating visitors from deep space. Of course Twain had a special interest in comets, he was born when the pale finger of Halley’s comet hung in the sky, and when it returned to dominate the heaven’s in the skies of the Northern Hemisphere in April 1910, Twain died.

Most astronomers agree that the greatest historical comet was the Great Comet of 1680.

Dutch settlers in New York were terrified of it. JW Werner writes of the comet: “On the 9th of December 1680, there appeared an extraordinary comet, which caused very great consternation throughout the province, with forebodings of dreadful happenings and divine punishments. It is described, in a letter dated January 1st, 1681, as having ‘appeared in the Southwest on the ninth of December last, about two o’clock in the afternoon, fair sunshine weather, a little above the sun, which takes its course more northerly,and was seen the Sunday night, right after about twilight, with a very fiery tail or streamer in the west, to the great astonishment of all spectators, and is now seen every night with clear weather. Undoubtedly, God threatens us with dreadful punishments if we do not repent.” The letter then suggested the propriety of proclaiming a day of humiliation and prayer.’”

The comet arriving December 2013 is expected to far surpass the Great Comet of 1860 by several orders of magnitude and size. It could dominate the sky with a tail stretching from one horizon to the other.

 

Thunderbolts and the electric sun

Most astrophysicists and professional astronomers still adhere to the “dirty ice ball” concept of comets. During the past several decades though proponents of a new theory have been gaining some traction for their idea. Basically, the theory claims that the solar system generates an intricate web of electrical fields and the sun is the major dynamo powering the system.

 

AsMel Acheson points out: “The discovery that the “gas and dust”—another oft-repeated and oft-falsified idea—that make up cosmic bodies are actually plasma provides straightforward explanations for these “totally unexpected” structures. Electric currents in plasma tend to form filaments (Birkeland currents). The filaments tend to braid together into cables or tubes of filaments that can transmit electrical power over large distances. Smaller-scale currents can be induced inside the larger-scale filaments, leading to hierarchies of coupled circuits that can provide power to bodies from galaxies to Martian dust devils.

Fluctuations in the various properties of Birkeland currents (density, temperature, ionization, and so on) can cause instabilities, for example, pinch and sausage or ball effects. Radiation from these instabilities is powered by the circuit and can exceed the energy available locally, surprising astronomers with ‘far more material than expected’ being thrown off the star…“

An electrical universe is an intriguing concept and has significant supporting evidence. While it doesn’t explain all the interactions of a planetary system and stars, it does explain a lot.

Although the Electric Universe model is conceptually more accurate at explaining and predicting observations, it is not as well suited to mathematical elaboration as conventional theories. Electrical parameters and such things as double layers often require in situ measurements to quantify them. The Electric Universe theorist must be comfortable with open questions and with the humility of ‘I don’t know.’”

A test of the theory that the sun is electric and interacts with planets having magnetic fields and transitory comets is proposed with the “safire Project.”

:”Outside of the Earth, the sun is the most heavily studied body in the solar system. Yet almost all of the sun’s features present major quandaries for solar physicists. But now, an expert on ‘Design of Experiment’ methodologies, Monty Childs, is heading up a project to demonstrate how an electrified plasma environment can produce the enigmatic features of the sun in the laboratory. Monty and his research group are confident that the technology is now available to rigorously test the electric sun hypothesis.”

Meanwhile, as the experiment progresses, C/2012 S1 is speeding toward the sun.

 

An X-class solar flare erupts [Courtesy NASA]

A plasma kill shot?

Some researchers are predicting a solar kill shot that will fry Earth and wipe out most life. That view is probably extreme. What’s more likely is the approaching comet will interact electrically with the sun—now approaching its peak explosive cycle—and exacerbate the violent coronal mass ejections into incredible never-before-seen levels. Unimaginably massive X-flares may erupt from the corona and those that impact Earth may cause more destruction than previously thought.

Earth’s protective bubble has weakened. New measurements of the Earth’s protective magnetic shield have revealed it’s more fragile than once believed and worse, it’s leaking. [See: Scientists: Earth’s Protective Shield Failing]

 

 

The bottom line: the magnetosphere may not be robust enough to withstand a one or more direct hits from a violent solar blast precipitated by the arrival of the most spectacular comet in history.

What to expect? Prepare for the possible collapse of the nation’s electrical grid. That event would trigger chaos. Think of the region recently hit by hurricane Sandy and the ongoing aftermath. Multiply that across the country and consider that power may not be returned for months. All that would happen before the onset of winter.

As The Daily Telegraph writes, “National power grids could overheat and air travel severely disrupted while electronic items, navigation devices and major satellites could stop working after the sun reaches its maximum power…”

 

Thousands of superstorms could erupt across Earth

The violence unleashed by the arrival of the comet could create mammoth superstorms. Those storms would be like a giant’s fist slamming the Northern Hemispher. Normal hurricanes, earthquakes and tsunamis would pale by comparison.

We know it is coming but we don’t know how bad it is going to be,” Dr Richard Fisher, the director of NASA’s Heliophysics division, said in an interview with The Daily Telegraph. “It will disrupt communication devices such as satellites and car navigation, air travel, the banking system, our computers, everything that is electronic. It will cause major problems for the world.“

The electrical grid now powers virtually everything including the Internet. And the World Wide Web is now an integral part of the major foundations of the world: utilities, water processing plants, geo-navigation, banking, commerce, distribution networks, nuclear plants, the daily business of government, list is almost endless.

 

After the solar blast most communication will fail; power will fail. Cities will be left without light; water and food will run out. Civil unrest will arise as society collapses in a matter of days. The US federal and state governments will be hard-pressed to restore order amongst 300 million people as mass starvation set in and sources of drinkable water evaporate.

Restoration of the infrastructure could take years, even a decade or more. During the interim more than a billion people could die worldwide—more if warfare breaks out between countries desperate for precious resources.

This time around the sun’s fury aggravaed by the grandest celestial visitor ever could bring a technological Armageddon: the near total collapse of 21st Century technology leading to the total failure of the financial, transportation and government infrastructures.

Most Western economies, already under duress, will plummet into a super-depression.

Unfortunately, civilization’s painted itself into a technological corner. If this disaster arrives the end of 2013 there’s not a damn thing anyone can do to prevent it.

Causes-Effects Pole Shift

ImageWell, science seems to be slowly agreeing on the fact that the earth’s magnetic north orientation has and is moving..

What will happen? What causes this?

Causes and effects

True polar wander can be caused by several mechanisms of redistributing mass and changing the moment of inertia tensor of the Earth:

  • Glacial cycles: redistribution of ice and water masses, and resultant deformation of the crust, changes the mass distribution around the Earth.
  • Perturbations of the topography of the core-mantle boundary, perhaps induced by differential core rotation and shift of its axial rotation vector, leading to CMB mass redistributions.
  • Mass redistributions in the mantle.

The orientation of the rotational axis itself could be changed by the high-velocity impact of a massive asteroid or comet.(Wiki)

 

Extinctions

Not long after the first geomagnetic polarity time scales were produced, scientists began exploring the possibility that reversals could be linked to extinctions. Most such proposals rest on the assumption that the Earth’s field has much lower intensity during reversals. Possibly the first such hypothesis was that high energy particles trapped in the Van Allen radiation belt could be liberated and bombard the Earth.

Detailed calculations confirm that, if the Earth’s dipole field disappeared entirely (leaving the quadrupole and higher components), most of the atmosphere could be reached by high energy particles. However, the atmosphere would stop them. Instead there would be secondary radiation of 10 Be or 36 Cl from collisions of cosmic rays with the atmosphere. There is evidence that this occurs both during secular variationand during reversals.

Another hypothesis by McCormac and Evans assumes that the Earth’s field would disappear entirely during reversals.

They argue that the atmosphere of Mars may have been eroded away by the solar wind because it had no magnetic field to protect it. They predict that ions would be stripped away from Earth’s atmosphere above 100 km. However, the evidence from paleointensity measurements is that the magnetic field does not disappear. Based on paleointensity data for the last 800,000 years, the magnetopause is still estimated to be at about 3 Earth radii during the Brunhes-Matuyama reversal.

Even if the magnetic field disappeared, the solar wind may induce a sufficient magnetic field in the Earth’s ionosphere to shield the surface from energetic particles.

Tests of correlations between extinctions and reversals are difficult for a number of reasons. Larger animals are too scarce in the fossil record for good statistics, so paleontologists have analyzed microfossil extinctions. Even microfossil data can be unreliable if there are hiatuses in the fossil record. It can appear that the extinction occurs at the end of a polarity interval when the rest of that polarity interval was simply eroded away.Statistical analysis shows no evidence for a correlation between reversals and extinctions.

Hypotheses have also been advanced linking reversals to mass extinctions.

Many such arguments were based on an apparent periodicity in the rate of reversals; more careful analyses show that the reversal record is not periodic.

It may be, however, that the ends of superchrons have caused vigorous convection leading to widespread volcanism, and that the subsequent airborne ash caused extinctions.

 

This all comes from studying past geologic records and fossil remains. How a subtle change will effect the environment and the planet is, at this moment, a best guess of anyone.

 

Holes in Earth’s magnetic cloak let the sun in

Holes in Earth’s magnetic cloak let the sun in

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – The Earth’s protective magnetosphere has two large holes that are letting in disruptive solar winds, scientists said on Tuesday.

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Mayan 2012

The following is the list of the start dates for 13 Baktuns:

Long Count Proleptic Gregorian Calendar Date
0.0.0.0.0 August 11, 3114 BCE
1.0.0.0.0 November 13, 2720 BCE
2.0.0.0.0 February 16, 2325 BCE
3.0.0.0.0 May 21, 1931 BCE
4.0.0.0.0 August 23, 1537 BCE
5.0.0.0.0 November 26, 1143 BCE
6.0.0.0.0 February 28, 748 BCE
7.0.0.0.0 June 3, 354 BCE
8.0.0.0.0 September 5, 41 CE
9.0.0.0.0 December 9, 435
10.0.0.0.0 March 13, 830
11.0.0.0.0 June 15, 1224
12.0.0.0.0 September 18, 1618
13.0.0.0.0 December 21, 2012