The north americain trade corridors
|Following the implementation of NAFTA, coalitions of interest have been formed in order to promote specific transport channels, to develop the infrastructures of these channels and to propose jurisdictional amendments to facilitate the crossing of borders. These coalitions include businesses, government agencies, civil organizations, metropolitan areas, rural communities and also individuals, wishing to strengthen the commercial hubs of their regions.
The North American trade corridors are bi- or tri-national channels for which various cross-border interests have grouped together in order to develop or consolidate the infrastructures. The North American corridors are considered multimodal in the sense that they bring into play different modes of transport in succession.
The infrastructures may include roads, highways, transit routes, airports, pipelines, railways and train stations, river canal systems and port facilities, telecommunications networks and teleports.
The Pacific corridor
|The Pacific corridor includes the entire geographic band formed by the Rocky Mountain range and the Pacific coast. A huge transport network (highways, railways, airports and port infrastructures) facilitates trade between Western Canada, the U.S. East Coast and Mexico.
The traffic in the Pacific corridor mainly uses Highway I-5 in the United States, which joins together the major cities along the Pacific coast. At the U.S.-Mexican border, the corridor passes through two major ports of entry: San Diego/Tijuana, the busiest crossing point on the entire border, and Calexico/Mexicali, where there is a high concentration of maquiladoras.
|To the north, Washington State and British Columbia have established the U.S.-Canada International Mobility and Trade Corridor in order to facilitate cross-border trade at the 4 land-based crossing points there between Canada and the United States.
NAFTA encouraged the creation of a network of business people in the Pacific corridor. The Rocky Mountain Corridor, for example, is an association of small and medium businesses in the three countries, doing business in the region.
North of the 49th parallel, two initiatives aim to develop the trade potential of the corridor: the north-west corridor aiming to link Western Canada with the trade flows of NAFTA, and the Alaska Railroad connection, project, aiming to facilitate land-based access to Alaska.